http://www.racocatala.com/catalunyacymru/amryw/1_glasbridd/minnesota_38_cymry_yn_erbyn_cenhedloedd_brodorol_0857e.htm

0857 Gwefan Cymru-Catalonia / Wales-Catalonia Website. The Welsh Settlement in Minnesota. The lands occupied by the Welsh settlers had latterly been occupied by the Dakhota ("Sioux") and Ho-Chuk ("Winnebago") Nations. The Welsh settlers willingly took part in the persecution of the native peoples. Extracts relating to the dealings of the Welsh with Native Americans from the 1895 "History of the Welsh in Minnesota, Foreston and Lime Springs, Ia. Gathered by the Old Settlers. Edited by Revs. Thos. E. Hughes and David Edwards, and Messrs. Hugh G. Roberts and Thomas Hughes"

0001z Y Tudalen Blaen / Home Page

1864e Y Porth Saesneg / English Gateway

0010e Y Barthlen / Plan of the website

1804e Y Cymry Alltud / The Welsh in exile

1927e Cyfeirddalen i Adran Gwladfar Glasbridd / Orientation page for the Welsh Blue Earth Settlement, Minnesota

.y tudalen hwn / aquesta pgina

..

Gwefan Cymru-Catalonia
La Web de Catalunya i Galles
The Wales-Catalonia Website

http://www.estelnet.com/catalunyacymru/catala/lakhota_00_y_cymry_yn_erbyn_y_dakotas.htm

HANES Y CYMRY YM MINNESOTA
HISTORY OF THE WELSH IN MINNESOTA

THE RLE OF THE WELSH IN THE CONFLICT WITH THE DAKHOTA (SIOUX) AND HO-CHUK (WINNEBAGO) NATIONS

22 09 2001, 2012-09-01 adolygiad diweddaraf - latest update.

0855 kimkat0855e List of the contents of 'The History of the Welsh in Minnesota...

 

The lands occupied by the Welsh settlers were of course part of the territories of the Native American peoples. When the Welsh and other settlers arrived, the Lakhota ("Sioux") and Ho-Chuk ("Winnebago") peoples were living in what became Blue Earth county. The Welsh people had themselves known oppression at first hand in Wales (no liberty to organise as a national entity, English government policy to eradicate the Welsh language, obligation to support financially the Church of England, though most worshippers were members of non-conformist organisations). However, the Welsh settlers had little sympathy for or understanding of the native people whose land they took over. Here are some extracts from the book which refer to the Welsh and the Lakhota and Ho-Chunk.

("History of the Welsh in Minnesota, Foreston and Lime Springs, Ia. Gathered by the Old Settlers. Edited by Revs. Thos. E. Hughes and David Edwards, and Messrs. Hugh G. Roberts and Thomas Hughes" 1895)

 

These are copies of entries from the biographies section, with references to Native Americans in bold type

Davis, John P. - Born in July, 1838, on the Atlantic Ocean, when his parents, David P. and Jane Davis, were emigrating from Cardiganshire, Wales, to Jackson County, O. Received a good common school education, and removed with his parents to Blue Earth County, Minn., 1856, with the Jackson colony, and located in the present town of Cambria. In 1862 joined the state militia to protect the frontier against the Sioux, and in December, 1863 enlisted in Company E, Second Minnesota Cavalry, wherein he served until the close of the war 1865. In 1866 he married Catherine, daughter of David and Margaret Lloyd, of Sharon, LeSueur County, and operated his farm in Cambria until 1873

Jones, David - Born at Nant Glnn {Nantgln} Denbighshire, Wales, March 1824. When he was five years old his parents moved to Cyfylliog {Cyffylliog}, in the same shire. In May, 1850, he came to Milwaukee, and stayed during the summer in Waukesha Co. He then went to Galena, Ill., and thence to New Orleans. There he found employment during the winter on a Mississipi steamboat. In the spring of 1851 he went to St. Louis and thence in June again to Galena. There he met one John L. Jones, who induced him to seek his fortune with him in St. Paul, Minn., where they arrived in August 1851. During the summer of 1852 he made three trips up the Minnesota from St. Paul to Ft. Ridgely {sic}, the last time going twelve miles beyond Ft. Ridgeley {sic} to a place called Red Rock to carry goods to the Yankton Sioux. It was here Mr. Jones witnessed the largest Indian encampment he ever saw. In May, 1853, he went with John C. Evans and John Roberts on a journey from St. Paul up the valley of the Minnesota to the Blue Earth and thence back through the Big Woods to view the land. In 1856 Mr. Jones located on his present claim in the town of Sharon, Le Sueur

Jones, Evan - Born at Tanrallt {Tan-rallt}, four miles east of Bangor, Carnarvonshire, Wales, August 17, 1827. Son of John and Elizabeth Jones (Indiana). Emigrated with his parents to Philadelphia in July, 1836, and removed to Cincinnati, O., in November. Thence in the spring of 1837 they moved to Madison, Ind., where his father helped build the first railway west of Madison. In 1840 the family moved twenty-seven miles north into, what was then, a forest wilderness, and purchased 240 acres of government land. In 1848 Evan left home, going first to Paddy's Run, O., and thence to Cincinnati, where he worked seven years in a rolling mill. In 1855 he attended the Baptist University, at Granville, O., for a few months when he visited eastern Kansas and formed the acquantance of "Old John Brown of Osawatomie". Not liking it there he returned home and in May 1856, removed with hi parents to Cottonwood, Brown conty, Minn., where about June 1, they located on a farm in Section 24. During the Sioux outbreak of 1862 Evan went to the defense of New Ulm and participated in the battle there. On September 10, of that year his father was killed by the savages in their raid on Butternut Valley, and Evan was chased by them into the sloughs and was out hiding for eleven days without food, except for a few ears of corn and some onions and watermelons he found in the fields at night, and ate raw. In June, 1866, he married Rachel, daughter of Thos. J. Jones, late of Cambria, Minn. In 1878 he sold his Brown county farm and removed to the vicinity of Lake Benton, Lincoln county, and thence after eighteen months he went to Murray county, where he purchased his present farm of 252 acres on the banks of Bear Lake, in Lowville township. He has held a number of town offices and has been postmaster at Lowville for many years. Mr.and Mrs. Jones have been blessed with eight children: Elizabeth, Ellen, Mary, Hattie, Alice, Herbert, Dinah and Katie.

[*] Lewis, Griffith J. - Born March, 1837, at Llanwrin, Montgomeryshire, Wales, and in 1854 emigrated to the United States. After a few months stay at Ixonia, Wis., he moved to South Bend, Minn., in June 1855. November 1, 1861, he enlisted in Company I, Fifth Iowa Cavalry, and took part in the battles of Ft. Donaldson, Savanah, Pittsburgh, Corinth, etc. January 1, 1864, he re-enlisted in Company B, of Bracketts Battalion, and took part in the Indian campaigns of 1864-5, under Gen. Sully. January 9, 1873, he married Miss Jane Robberts {sic}. In 1892 they retired from their farm in Judson to Mankato. They are very highly esteemed by a large acquaintance.

Pugh, Hon. T.M. - Born at Pantron {Pant-ronn / Pant-yr-onn}, Cwmllyne {Cwmlline}, Cemmes {Cemais}, Montgomeryshire, Wales, September 10, 1831. Landed in America July, 1851, went directly to Watertown, Wis., then left for Dodgeville and engaged in mining. On the 23d day of May, 1855, he arrived at South Bend, Minn., accompanied by Thomas Phillips, and, immediately taking up a claim in the same township, began farming, raising the first crop of wheat in the county. In 1857, the year of the Spirit Lake massacre, helped to subdue the Indians. In 1860, accompanied by Hon. D. C. Evans, went to Pikes Peak, Col., suffering great hardships. In 1862 he went to Camp Release and brought to Mankato ten Indians who were afterward hung among the thirty-eight executed. In 1863 was appointed Provost Marshall, holding that office until the rebellion was over. January 30, 1868, married Miss Ellen, daughter of Rober R. and Winnifred Williams. In 1874 he was appointed Receiver of Public Moneys at the U.S. Land Office at Fargo, Dakota Ter., remaining in office nine years. In 1884 he was engaged in the banking business at Ellendale, Dak. In 1885 was elected represenatative to the Dakota Legislature. Owns a large and valuable farm in South Bend. He has retired from active work for some years and now he and his amiable wife are living in Duluth with their two sons: Edward H. and John T. Pugh, grain inspectors. Mr. Pugh is the soul of good nature and has always been active in politics.

Pritchard, Owen - Born at Brn Gwran {Brngwran}, Anglesea, Wales, January 28, 1832. His parents were Owen and Ellen Pritchard. He emigrated to the United States in 1854, first making his home in Madison county, New York, then moving to Waukesha, Wis. August, 1855, he married Mrs. Elizabeth Rowlands, and six children were born {to} them, only one of whom survives, Mr. Arthur Pritchard, who is a merchant at Lake Crystal, Minn. There are, also, two sons of Mrs. Pritchard by her former husband in successful business at Lake Crystal, namely John Edwin and Chas. Henry Rowlands. In 1864 Mr. Pritchard moved with his family to Cambria, Minn., where he resided on a farm for four years. He then removed to the Salem neighbourhood, Butternut Valley, where he purchased half a section of land. In 1873 he enlisted in the U.S. Civil Engineer Corps and helped build the Sisseton and Wahpeton Agency buildings near Ft. Wadsworth, S. Dak. In 1878 he moved to Lake Crystal, Minn., and was appointed postmaster there in 1885, but resigned the following year. Besides farming Mr. Pritchard has been engaged in bricklaying and contracting. He is active in all political, social and religious movements and a faithful member of the Welsh church.

Shields, John - Born at Llantrisant, Glanmorganshire, Wales, October 31, 1817. Worked in the coal mines of Tredegar {Tredegar / Tredegr}, Dowlais and other places. Early in 1841 at Victoria, Monmouthshire, he married Miss Jane, daughter of Wm. and Jane Tanley, who had been born July 28, 1816, at Ceryg, Cadarn {sic: = Crucadarn}, Breconshire. Soon after their marriage they emigrated to America and settled at Pottsville, Pa., for three years, thence went to Cumberland, Md., for two years, thence to Mt. Savage, Md., for some time, where Mr. Shields united with the Congregational church. They next moved to Clarkville, Pa., and from there in 1849 to Pomeroy, O. Leaving his family there, in 1852 Mr. Shields went to seek his fortune in the gold fields of California. Thre he met with an accident by a rock falling on his head, which affected him through life and in his latter years brought on a softening of the brain from which he died. Returning from California he removed with his family in May, 1856, to Cambria, Minn., where he located on his farm. At Sioux massacre of 1862 he was one of the New Ulm defenders. Morning of the main battle he, with a dozen others, were detailed to guard the Red Stone ferry. The Indians attacked them in overwhelming numbers and Mr. Shields barely escaped - one bullet passing through his hat. A few years after the death, October 27, 1877, of his beloved wife, he went to live with his daughter, Mrs. Richard Roberts at Courtland, Minn., where he died October 29, 1891. Mr. Shields was a worthy member of Horeb C. M. church from its organization until his death. He was an honest, industrious, frugal man. He was of a social dispostion and fond of wit and humor.

Wigley, Joshua - Born February 1, 1835, near Llanbrynmair {Llan-brn-mair}, Montgomeryshire, Wales. Emigrated to Racine, Wisc., in 1855, where he remained two years. He then moved to Minnesota and soon located on his present farm in Judson, Blue Earth county. July 20, 1862, married Miss Carolin, daughter of Wm. J. and Hannah Roberts of Judson. Was one of the New Ulm defenders during the Sioux massacre of 1862, being a member of Capt. Bierbauer's company. In 1863 he enlisted in Company E, Second Minnesota Cavalry Volunteers and served two years, until close of war under Gen. Sibley. In July, 1887, he was appointed to a position in the state weighing department at Minneapolis, which he held for a number of years. In 1893 he retired from his farm to Lake Crystal, Minn. Is a member of the G.A.R. {Grand Army of the Republic} post at that place.

Williams, John T. - Born at Bryn Mawr, Monmouth Rassa, Breconshire, Wales {sic}, May 12 1828. {Brn-mawr (SO 1911) is a town in the present-day county of Blaenau Gwent, but formerly in Sir Fynw (Monmouthshire); Rasa is a neighbouring village in Blaenau Gwent, but at one time in the county of Sir Frycheiniog (Breconshire)}. His parents died when he was 5 years old, and since he was 8 years of age he has earned his own living, working first in the coal mines of Beauford {sic; confusion with the place so-called in Minnesota; should be, in Welsh - Biwffort or Cendl; in English - Beaufort}, Pen-y-cae {today called Glnebw; in English - Ebbw Vale} and Tredegar {Tredegr}. In the spring of 1848 he emigrated to Beaver Meadow, Caron county, Pa., and worked in the coal mines for two summers. Attended school at Gibson, Pa., in the winter of 1848-9 and at Wyoming Seminary from 1849 to '53. Came to St. Paul in the summer of 1854, and after returning to Pennsylvania for the winter, came to South Bend in 1856, where he opened a real estate office. Was elected Clerk of the District Court in 1857 and County Treasurer in 1861. In 1863 he was appointed, by Hon. Wm. Windom, Secretary of the House Committee on Indian Affairs, at Washington, which position he held until 1870. Was Sergeant at Arms of the State Senate in 1870 and '71. Was elected delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1872, and was appointed Special Agent at the Post Office Department the same year, which position he held until July, 1878, when he was appointed counsel to St. Hellens {St. Helens}, England. In 1880 he was chosen one of the presidential electors from Minnesota. He is able and active and has been the most successful politician in Blue Earth county. He married Mary C. Wickersham in 1863 and has five children. He owns a comfortable home and a large business block at Mankato.

Williams, Thos D. - Son of David J. Williams, born in Pike Township, Bradford county, Pa., February 13, 1836. On the first of June, 1855, he came to Minnesota, and located on a claim a little west of the old township of Eureka. During the Sioux war of 1862 he, with eighteen of his neighbors, went to the defence of New Ulm, and was present when the Indians made their first attack on the town. He also served with a company of minute men in pursuit of the Indians, when they made a raid on the Swan Lake settlers September 3, 1862. On March 18, 1869, he married Mrs. Sarah Thomas. In 1870 he removed to a farm in Judson, and thence in 1888 to Lake Crystal, Minn., where he now resides in comfortable circumstances. Scrupulously honest and upright, he is indeed a Welshman in whom there is no guile. He is a worthy deacon of the Baptist Church at Lake Crystal.

_______________________________________________________________________
See also:
(1) The Sioux Massacre
kimkat0859e,
0859,

(2) soldiers of the American Civil War
kimkat0854e,
0854

(3) Geirfa Lakota (Dakota)-Cymraeg-Saesneg / Lakota (Dakota)-Welsh-English vocabulary
kimkat1053ke,
1053ke

e.g.
Pezhta Zi
Meddyginiaeth Feln (enw pentre)
Yellow Medicine (village name)

_______________________________________________________________________

LINKS TO OTHER WEBSITES:

Cewch weld newyddiadur arlein, gwrando ar y radio, ac edrych ar y teledu - i gd yn Gymreg ar wefan y BBC!
SEE AN ONLINE NEWSPAPER, HEAR THE RADIO AND SEE THE TV - ALL IN THE WELSH LANGUAGE ON THE BBC (BRITISH BROADCASTING CORPORATION) WEBSITE .

CLICK HERE! (0861)

LAKOTA-DAKOTA-NAKOTA
(1) http://www.lakotaoyate.com/welcome.html Lakota Oyate
"
To defend and preserve Lakota culture from exploitation." The living conditions of the Lakhota people at the present time

(2)
http://www.enter.net/~drutzler/intro.htm Welcome to Spirit's Place
"So yeah, I am Native American. Lakota actually. I do "Indian stuff", but I am a human being first and foremost. I created this set of pages for many reasons. First, to help keep Native information easily available for all... The
Lakota Language Page will be updated monthly with a new subject. This month's lesson: "Animals". Check it out for basic grammar and phonetics. There is no charge for these lessons, no club to join or anything else to "buy". This is for you, the curious, the seeking and the informed"

(3)
http://207.254.63.58/language1.htm Introduction to Lakota

(4) Hau! Tima hiyu wo! 'Greetings! Come inside!' Hokahe, hel iyotaka. 'Welcome' to the
Lodge of ung'manitu-Ina, ' Lone Wolf '. The intent of these pages is to honor a proud and noble people, the Oglala Lakota, of Pine Ridge, South Dakota. http://207.254.63.58/i-welcome.htm#sitemap

(5)
Sisseton Wahpeton Sioux Tribe's Homepage http://swcc.cc.sd.us/homepage.htm

(6)
Sota Iya Ye Yapi - http://www.earthskyweb.com/news.htm - bringing news of the Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe / Dakota Nation and Lake Traverse Reservation to the World Wide Web. Weekly, with updates when appropriate during the week.

(7)
KILI Radio, the Voice of the Lakota Nation. http://www.lakotamall.com/kili/schedule.htm
KILI Radio (pronounced "KEE-lee") is the largest Indian-owned and operated public radio station in America. We broadcast in English and Lakota 22 hours each day to homes on three reservations in the Black Hills. Our listeners are spread out over 10,000 square miles, an area larger than the state of Delaware. KILI means "cool" or "awesome" in the Lakota language. KILI Radio is cool, but it's much more than that. It's a vital force of preservation for Lakota people and our culture.

(8)
Lakota newspaper. EYAPAHA - allies of the Lakota. http://www.lakotamall.com/allies/Eyapaha/99F/

(9) Links to
Lakota-Dakota-Nakota (Sioux) Indians Sites http://members.tripod.com/~PHILKON/links12lakota.html

(10) http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/dakota/Dakota_excerpts.html
In Their Own Words:
Excerpts from Speeches & Letters Concerning the Dakota Conflict
SPEECH OF HDAINYANKA IN FAVOR OF CONTINUING WAR
LETTER FROM GENERAL POPE DECLARING HIS GOAL OF EXTERMINATING SIOUX
LETTER FROM BISHOP WHIPPLE CONCERNING DEGREES OF GUILT
ADDRESS TO CONDEMNED PRISONERS BEFORE THEIR EXECUTIONS
STATEMENT OF TAZOO AT THE TIME OF HIS EXECUTION
LETTER OF HDAINYANKA WRITTEN SHORTLY BEFORE HIS EXECUTION
LETTER FROM REV. THOMAS WILLIAMSON TO REV. STEPHEN RIGGS
LETTER FROM COL. HENRY SIBLEY
LETTER FROM REV. STEPHEN RIGGS
LETTER FROM COL. HENRY SIBLEY TO HIS WIFE
GEORGE CROOK'S (WAKANAJAJA'S) ACCOUNT OF JOURNEY TO PRISON CAMP
CALL OF JACOB NIX, COMMANDANT OF NEW ULM, FOR DAKOTA BLOOD

The above is a section form
(11)
The Dakota Indian Conflict http://www.ic.mankato.mn.us/reg9/nul/tour/dakota.html

(12)
http://www.nara.gov/exhall/originals/sioux.html "The Black Hills of Dakota are sacred to the Sioux Indians. In the 1868 treaty, signed at Fort Laramie and other military posts in Sioux country, the United States recognized the Black Hills as part of the Great Sioux Reservation, set aside for exclusive use by the Sioux people. However, after the discovery of gold there in 1874, the United States confiscated the land in 1877. To this day, ownership of the Black Hills remains the subject of a legal dispute between the U.S. government and the Sioux..."


HO-CHUK
(9)
The Ho-Chunk ('Winnebago') Nation http://www.ho-chunk.com/index.htm

(10) (
Ho-Chunk History - http://www.ho-chunk.com/culture_history_page.htm For example, 1856 Winnebago mission founded at Blue Earth and is attended by diocesan priest residing at Saints Peter & Paul Church in Mankato).

(11)
Ho-Chunk newspaper http://www.ho-chunk.com/dept_newspaper_page.htm

(16)
Indian Circle Web Ring, maintained by the Seminole Tribe of Florida. List of websites of federally acknowledged tribes in the contiguous 48 states and in Alaska. http://www.indiancircle.com/links.shtml


INDIAN COUNTRY

(1) http://indiancountry.com Indian Country - America's Leading Indian News Source. Weekly online edtion

(2)
http://airos.org/grid.html Programme Schedule for AIROS (American Indian Radio On Satellite)
"The AIROS network is a national distribution system for Native programming to Tribal communities and to general audiences through Native American and other public radio stations as well as the Internet. Alter*Native Voices / California Indian Radio Project / Different Drums / Earthsongs / National Native News / Native America Calling / Native Sounds-Native Voices National / New Letters on Air / Voices from the Circle / Wellness Edition


(3)
Minnesota Indian Affairs Council http://www.indians.state.mn.us/stats.htm

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