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0001z Yr Hafan / Pgina Principal

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0008c Y Barthlen / el mapa d'aquesta web

.......................0043c Y Gymraeg (Mynegai) / La llengua gallesa (ndex)

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y tudalen hwn

 

baneri
..

 

 

 

Gwefan Cymru-Catalonia
La Web de Gal
les i Catalunya



Cwrs Cymraeg - Mynegai
Curs de galls - ndex


MYNEGAI / NDEX





(delw 4666)


xxxx Y tudalen hwn yn Gymraeg

xxxx This page in English



Edrychwch ar ein llyfr ymwelwyr! Mireu el nostre llibre de visitants!


Llofnodwch ein llyfr ymwelwyr! Firmeu el nostre llibre de visitants!

 

2417c nou curs - index

 



LLYTHYREN A LETTER A

 

 

082 5

address - (forms of address - sir, madam, darling, you fool, etc)

 

2000-06-01

0922

adjective: feminine form of the adjective

 

2000-06-01

 

adjectives - comparision - idioms

WME-085

 

0917

adjectives - comparison

WME-023

2000-06-01

 

adjectives - plural, feminine

WME-011

 

 

adjectives after the noun

WME-011

 

0918

adjectives before the noun

WME-012

2000-06-01

 

adnabod = to know a person

WME-058

 

0915

adverbials - time when

 

2000-06-01

 

adverbials of time / distance bob ddd

WME-066

 

 

adverbs

WME-014

 

 

adverbs of place

WME-015

 

 

adverbs of time

WME-029

 

 

agos na

WME-083

 

 0915

-aid (suffix indicating the capacity of a container - llw = spoon, llwaid = spoonful)

WME-040

2000-06-01

 0838

ar (preposition) = on, on top of; want, owe

WME-042

2000-06-01

 



LLYTHYREN B LETTER B

 

 

 

be bod - present tense - affirmative

WME-001

 

 

blwddn

WME-029

 

 

bod - future

WME-026

 

 

bod - imperfect, pluperfect

WME-024

 

 

bod - perfect (bm)

WME-027

 

 

bod (= 'to be') - perfect

WME-006

 

 

bod (= 'to be') - the different forms in the north and the south

WME-005

 

0834

0916

bod (to be) - present tense - affirmative

WME-001

2000-06-01

 

bod = to be
oedd = was, bdd = will be, byddai = would be, bu = has been
relative pronoun a = who which what

WME-038

 

 

bod = to be
mae w oes sdd - four ways to say 'is'

WME-037

 

 

braidd na

WME-083

 

 

braidd y = scarcely

WME-083

 

 

bron , bron na

WME-083

 

 



LLYTHYREN C LETTER C

 

 

 

cael = to get, to receive

WME-059

 

 

clock time

WME-029

 

 

compound prepositons

WME-068

 

 

compounds of bod; ebr / ebe, meddai (medde)

WME-064

 

0823

conjugation of prepositions

WME-033

2000-06-01

 



LLYTHYREN D LETTER D

 

 

 

darfod

WME-074

 

 

darfod as past tense auxiliary

WME-075

 

 

days of the week

WME-029

 

 

definite article + feminine noun

WME-009

 

 

definite article + noun

WME-003

 

 

demonstrative determiners

WME-020

 

 

demonstrative pronouns

WME-021

 

 

dependent sentences - mixed exercise

WME-078

 

 

dependent sentences with mai/taw, nad

WME-077

 

 0839

determiners: possessive determiners - contractions ('y); contractions after a, o, i

WME-018

2000-06-01

 0829

determiners: possessive determiners - mutations, prefixed

 

2000-06-01

 

digwdd

WME-074

 

 

distributives

WME-029

 

 

does dim ond = there's only

WME-032

 

 

dyfod = to come

WME-057

 

0837

dyma = here is

 

2000-06-01

 



LLYTHYREN E LETTER E

 

 

 

ei bod - dependent sentences

WME-072

 

 

ein dau

WME-061

 

 0827

emphasising question words : pam ar y ddaear (equivalent to English why on earth? why in heaven's name? why the hell? etc)

 

2000-06-01

 



LLYTHYREN F LETTER F

 

 

0922

feminine form of the adjective

 

2000-06-01

 

feminine nouns beginning with gwl gwn gwr

WME-009

 

 

fractions

WME-029

 

 



LLYTHYREN G LETTER G

 

 

0823

gan (preposition) (how to say 'I have, I have got; it is also used in idiomatic phrases equivalent to I'm glad, I hate, etc)

WME-033

2000-06-01

 

gan, gwell, gwaeth, rhaid

WME-041

 

 

gorfod

WME-074

 

 

gwneud = to make, to do

WME-056

 

 

gwbod = to know a fact

WME-058

 

 



LLYTHYREN H LETTER H

 

 

 



LLYTHYREN I LETTER I

 

 

 

i as a perfect tense marker

- clywais iddo ei ladd

WME-075

 

0836

ie (yes)

 

2000-06-01

 

imperative

WME-030

 

 

imperative mood - quivalent to English 'let us go, let it be' etc

WME-088

 

0828

imperative: requests and imperatives - how to say 'will you (open the window?)' = wnei di agor y ffenest; 'shut up, will you?' = cau dy geg, wnei di?

 

2000-06-01

 

imperfect

WME-047

 

 

imperfect of habit - byddwn

WME-025

 

 

infixed pronouns mi a'i gwelais

WME-052

 

 

inflected tenses - mixed exercises

WME-065

 

 0827

interrogatives: emphasising question words : pam ar y ddaear (equivalent to English why on earth? why in heaven's name? why the hell? etc)

 

2000-06-01

0914

inverted word order - the complement at the head of the sentence
Mae Sin yn feddg > Meddg w Sin
Sin is a doctor > (it is) (a) doctor that-is Sin

WME-035

2000-06-01

 

inverted word order "O-V-S"

y mochn a welodd fy mrawd

WME-054

 

 

inverted word order "O-V-S" with adverb

yn y t y gwelodd fy mrawd

WME-055

 

 



LLYTHYREN J LETTER J

 

 

 



LLYTHYREN K LETTER K

 

 

 



LLYTHYREN L LETTER L

 

 

 

llawer = a lot (of), ychydig = a little, gormod = too much, tipn = a bit, digon = enough

WME-032

 

 

llond (= the fullness of - used in talking of capacity - a house full of children, etc)

WME-040

 

 



LLYTHYREN M LETTER M

 

 

 

minnau - pronouns: a minnau, etc

WME-087

 

 

miscellaneous

WME-089

 

 

mo

WME-050

 

 

months

WME-028

 

0912

mood: subjunctive mood

WME-079

2000-06-01

 

multiplicatives

WME-029

 

 

mutation : nasal mutation after yn = in

 

 

 ????

mnd = to go

WME-056

2000-06-01

 



LLYTHYREN N LETTER N

 

 

0836

nage (no)

 

 

 

nasal mutation

WME-022

 

0836

nasal mutation after yn = in (ym Morthmadog = in the town of Porthmadog)

 

 

2000-06-01

 

negative - ni welais, ni chollodd

WME-050

 

0831

negative imperative - don't...! Literary Welsh - na, nac; Colloquial Welsh - paid, peidiwch.

 

2000-06-01

0836

no = nage

 

2000-06-01

0886

noun: the plural of nouns - au, -iau

WME-002

2000-06-01

 

nouns: plural

 

 

 

numerals 11+

WME-028

 

0843

numerals 1-10

WME-028

2000-06-01

 



LLYTHYREN O LETTER O

 

 

 

o as a perfect tense marker

- dywed ddysgu ohono

WME-076

 

 

o as a subjunctive marker

fw ohonom = that we may live

WME-075

 

 

object after inflected tenses

WME-053

 

0919

obscure vowel: reduction of a vowel before the tonic accent -
Aberffraw > Y Berffro
ap Rhs < (y) Prs

 

2000-06-01

 

oes

WME-031

 

 

oes + pronouns (neb)

WME-032

 

 

os

WME-031

 

 

other plurals of nouns

 

 

 



LLYTHYREN P LETTER P

 

 

 

passive voice - cael ei guro

WME-081

 

 

passive voice - -ir

WME-082

 

 

past - cenais

WME-046

 

 

permission

WME-030

 

 

personal pronoun as object

fe welais i hi

WME-049

 

0833

Personal pronouns (How to say - I, we; you, she, he, it, they)

WME-001

2000-06-01

 

personal pronouns at sentence head

fi wedodd

WME-048

 

 

pluperfect

WME-047

 

0886

plural of nouns - au, -iau

WME-002

2000-06-01

 0839

possessive determiners - contractions ('y); contractions after a, o, i

WME-018

2000-06-01

 0829

possessive determiners - mutations, prefixed

WME-017

2000-06-01

2478c

PROVA 7 / PRAWF 7

 

 

 0838

preposition ar = on, on top of; want, owe

WME-042

2000-06-01

0823

preposition gan (how to say 'I have, I have got; it is also used in idiomatic phrases equivalent to I'm glad, I hate, etc)

WME-033

2000-06-01

0835

preposition wrth = by, towards

 

 

0823

prepositions: conjugation of prepositions

WME-033

2000-06-01

 

prepositions - mixed exercise

WME-071

 

 

prepositions - to, from, and

WME-007

 

 

prepositions + verb-noun trw weld

WME-070

 

 

prepositions with aspirate mutation

WME-066

 

 

prepositions with nasal mutation

WME-066

 

 

prepositions with radical

WME-066

 

 

prepositions with soft mutation

WME-066

 

 

present of the verb canu = to sing (canaf = I shall sing)

WME-044, 045

 

 

present participle- gan, dan

WME-086

 

0840

present tense - mae ef yn cysgu (literary) - mae e'n cysgu (colloquial)

WME-001

2000-06-01

 

present tense - negative

WME-004

 

 

prin y = hardly

WME-083

 

 

pronominal prepositions

WME-067

 

0913

pronoun: reflexive pronouns (= myself; fi fy hun)
extended pronouns (minnau, ninnau)

 

2000-06-01

 

pronouns: a minnau, etc

WME-087

 

 

pronouns: personal pronouns (How to say - I, we; you, she, he, it, they)

 

 

0830

pronunciation features of Southern Welsh
coed [koid] = wood > cd, co'd [kood], etc

 

2000-06-01

 



LLYTHYREN Q LETTER Q

 

 

 

question words

 

 

 



LLYTHYREN R LETTER R

 

 

0919

reduction of a vowel before the tonic accent -
Aberffraw > Y Berffro
ap Rhs < (y) Prs

 

2000-06-01

0913

reflexive pronouns (= myself; fi fy hun)
extended pronouns (minnau, ninnau)

WME-034

WME-061

2000-06-01

 

relative pronoun with prepositions

y bachgen y siaradodd e ag e

WME-084

 

0828

requests and imperatives - how to say 'will you (open the window?)' = wnei di agor y ffenest; 'shut up, will you?' = cau dy geg, wnei di?

 

2000-06-01

 1241

rh = too (too long, too short, too tight, etc)

 

 

 

rhw = some, a certain

WME-032

 

 



LLYTHYREN S LETTER S

 

 

 

singular verb + plural noun

WME-010

 

0830

South Wales: pronunciation features of Southern Welsh
coed [koid] = wood > cd, co'd [kood], etc

 

2000-06-01

0912

subjunctive mood

WME-079

2000-06-01

 

subjunctive mood - irregular stems

WME-080

 

 

svo (S = complement) interrogative, negative

WME-036

 

 

svo with inflected verbs

yr Arglwdd a ddywedodd

WME-051

 

 

sdd SVO

WME-034

 

 



LLYTHYREN T LETTER T

 

 

1383

THIS and THESE

cwrs100e

2002-09-13

0840

tense: present tense - mae ef yn cysgu (literary) - mae e'n cysgu (colloquial)

 

2000-06-01

 



LLYTHYREN U LETTER U

 

 

 



LLYTHYREN V LETTER V

 

 

0832

verb: the inflected regular verb (edrch - to see)

 

 

 

verb-noun - object of verb (gorffen siarad)

WME-008

2000-06-01

 

verbs - inflected - present tense - irregular

WME-062

 

 

verbs - pronoun tags (ei weld e)

WME-019

 

 

verbs + i rhoi i

WME-066

 

 

verbs + prepostions

WME-069

 

 

verbs with irregular stems

dali-

WME-060

 

 

verbs with -oi, -hau

WME-063

 

082 5

vocatives in Welsh (forms of address - sir, madam, darling, you fool, etc)

 

2000-06-01

0919

vowel: reduction of a vowel before the tonic accent -
Aberffraw > Y Berffro
ap Rhs < (y) Prs

 

2000-06-01

 



LLYTHYREN W LETTER W

 

 

0482

Welsh Grammar - some pages mostly in Catalan

 

2000-06-01

 

whose? pw, biau, eiddo

WME-039

 

 

word order - normal

WME-010

 

 

word order: "O-V-S": y dn a welais i (object - verb - subject, inverted word order)

 

 

0914

word order: inverted word order - the complement at the head of the sentence
Mae Sin yn feddg > Meddg w Sin
Sin is a doctor > (it is) (a) doctor that-is Sin

 

2000-06-01

0835

wrth (preposition) = by, towards

 

2000-06-01

 



LLYTHYREN X LETTER X

 

 

 



LLYTHYREN Y LETTER Y

 

 

 

y bdd, y byddai - dependent sentences

WME-073

 

 

y sawl a

WME-084

 

 

yes / no (with adverbs of place)

WME-016

 

0836

yes = ie

 

2000-06-01

 

yes, no

WME-005

 

 

yn + complement yn gweithio; yn dda / yn forwr

WME-013

 

0920

yn, mewn

WME-022

2000-06-01

 

w

WME-031

 

 



LLYTHYREN Z LETTER Z

 

 

Ble'r wyf i? Yr ych chi'n ymwld ag un o dudalennau'r Gwefan "CYMRU-CATALONIA" (Cymreg)
On sc?
Esteu visitant una pgina de la Web "CYMRU-CATALONIA" (= Galles-Catalunya) (catal)
Where am I?
You are visiting a page from the "CYMRU-CATALONIA" (= Wales-Catalonia) Website (English)
We(r) m ai? Yu a(r) vziting peij frm dh "CYMRU-CATALONIA" (= Weilz-Katluni) Wbsait (ngglish)

CYMRU-CATALONIA

 

Fi de pgina / Diwedd y dudalen